Emergency contraception in curbing pregnancy

The emergency contraception is ever so-searched in the world. Its methods prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse and can be used before the morning after sex or up to five days after. They are provided as emergency contraception pills (ECPs) or the insertion of an IUD (Intrauterine device). Some birth control pills also are prescribed for use as emergency contraception. The majority of the ECPs are “combination pills” with estrogen and progestin, which are synthetic hormone like those produced by the female’s body.

Many reasons may exist for a woman to have sex without protection. She may, for example, have forgotten to take her birth control pill; the condom may have ripped or slipped off, and the man ejaculated inside her vagina; her diaphragm slipped out of place, and the man also ejaculated inside her vagina; she miscalculated her “safe” days and weren’t using any birth control; the man didn’t pull out his penis in time or forced the woman to have unprotected vaginal sex, in a sexual assault.

For any of these reasons, it’s necessary to take an emergency contraception, if she doesn’t want to become pregnant. She has to contact her gynecologist or doctor immediately to know which method she can use. Yet these drugs can be prescribed over the phone, due to its urgency. A few pharmacists also make these medicaments available directly in their establishments. The IUDs prevent fertilization, while the ECPs prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation or fertilization.

The sooner the woman starts to take the emergency contraceptives, the better. When the first dose of ECPs is taken within 72 hours, they will reduce the risk of pregnancy by 75-89 percent. If there’s an existing pregnancy from a previous sexual relation, the ECPs won’t affect it. After taking these pills, the next menstrual period may be earlier or later than usual. Side effects like pain on the stomach, headaches, irregular bleeding, nausea and vomiting may occur, but they usually taper off within a day or two.

People must remember, however, that emergency contraception is meant for emergencies only, being not as effective as the correct methods of contraception. The emergency contraceptives also don’t offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). If the woman did have sex without protection and know that was putted at risk, she may consider testing for sexually transmitted infections.

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